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Adverbial Clause

‘Adverbial clause’ merupakan anak kalimat (clause) yang digunakan/berfungsi sebagai adverb (kata keterangan).

‘Adverbial clause’ dapat menyatakan waktu, tempat, pertentangan, keadaan, tujuan/hasil, dan sebab-akibat.

Penggunaan ‘adverbial clause’ selalu diawali dengan subordinating conjunction (misal: after, because, although).

Karena namanya clause maka jangan lupa bahwa ‘adverbial clause’ juga memiliki subjek dan predikat.

Pengelompokan ‘adverbial clause’ biasanya ditentukan dari conjunction (kata penghubung) yang mendahuluinya.

Jenis-jenis ‘adverbial clause’ antara lain: clause of time, clause of place, clause of contrast, clause of manner, clause of purpose and result, clause of cause and effect, dan clause of condition.

1) clause of time: menunjukkan waktu, conjunction yang digunakan antara lain after, before, when, since, while, as.

  • Contoh: I will sign the check before you leave. You may begin after you are ready. Marina saw an accident while she was walking home.

2) clause of place: menunjukkan tempat, conjunction yang digunakan antara lain where, nowhere, anywhere, wherever, everywhere.

  • Contoh: The bodyguard stood where he was positioned. You can go wherever you like. Where there is a will, there is a way.

3) clause of contrast: menunjukkan pertentangan antara dua kejadian atau peristiwa yang saling berhubungan. Conjunction yang digunakan dalam ‘clause of contrast’ ini antara lain although, though, even though, whereas, even if, in spite of.

  • Contoh: Although Mr. Joko is poor, he is happy. Even though school is hard, I will never give up.

4) clause of manner: menunjukkan cara bagaimana suatu pekerjaan dilakukan atau bagaimana suatu peristiwa dapat terjadi. Conjunction yang digunakan pada ‘clause of manner’ ini antara lain as, how, like, in that, the way.

  • Contoh: Tomi did it the way I told him. Leoni acts like she’s a child.

5) clause of purpose and result: menunjukkan hubungan antara maksud/tujuan dan hasil. Conjunction yang digunakan pada ‘clause of purpose and result’ antara lain (in order) that, so that, in the hope that, in case.

  • Contoh: They are saving their money so that they may take a long vacation next year. It was so hot that we didn’t go out.

6) clause of cause and effect: menunjukkan hubungan sebab dan akibat. Conjunction yang digunakan pada ‘clause of cause and effect’ antara lain because, because of, due to, since, therefore.

  • Contoh: He didn’t go in because he was late. Since I didn’t have enough money to go on vacation, I stayed home .

7) clause of condition: menunjukkan adanya kemungkinan atau persyaratan antara dua kejadian yang berhubungan. Conjunction yang digunakan pada ‘clause of condition’ antara lain if, unless, in case, provided (that), if only, suppose (that).

  • Contoh: In case you can’t find the document,give me a call. Provided you are old enough,you can apply for the job.

July 7, 2012 - Posted by | Grammar | ,

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